Antitrust and Intellectual Property[home]

Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Fall 2007

Hanno F. Kaiser

Reading list

Herbert Hovenkamp's Antitrust Enterprise (2005), the DOJ/FTC IP Licensing Guidelines (1995), and the IP2 report (2007) should be studied with respect to each of the topics below. The articles and decisions are supplementary readings. This syllabus is a work in progress. If you have links to decisions, etc. please send me an email.

Class 01: Growth, Productivity, and Innovation. The (macro-) economic context of the AT-IP interface.

Class 02: The Structure of the U.S. Antitrust Laws

We will discuss relevant economic concepts as they come up, in particular:
  • Externalities, positive and negative
  • Free riding
  • Holdup
  • Network effects
  • Zero marginal cost production and "competition for the market."
  • Commons-based peer production

Class 03: Market definition and market power

  • Innovation markets; Standard Oil v. United States, 283 U.S. 163 (1931)
  • The IP/market power inference; Illinois Tool Works v. Independent Ink, 547 U.S. 29 (2006)
  • Aftermarket power; Eastman Kodak v. Image Technical Services, 504 US 451 (1992) ("Kodak I")
  • Carl Shapiro, Aftermarkets and Consumer Welfare: Making Sense of Kodak, 63 Antitrust L.J. 483 (1995)
  • Jonathan Baker, Promoting Innovation Competition through the Aspen/Kodak Rule, 7 Geo. Mason L. Rev 495 (1999)
  • IP Licensing Guidelines: The goods, technology, and innovation market concept

Class 04: Refusals to license

  • IP2, Ch.1
  • Data General v. Grumman, 36 F.3d 1147 (1st Cir. 1994). Read 1152-55; 1181-90
  • Image Technical Services v. Kodak, 125 F.3d 1195 (9th Cir. 1997)
  • CSU v. Xerox, 203 F.3d 1322 (Fed. Cir. 2000)
  • Intergraph v. Intel, 195 F.3d 1346 (Fed. Cir. 1995)
  • Daniel J. Gifford, Antitrust's Troubled Relations with Intellectual Property, 87 Minn. L. Rev. 1695 (2003)

Class 05: Tying, bundling, and the elusive misuse doctrine

  • IP2, Ch.5
  • United States v. Microsoft, 253 F.3d 34 (D.C.Cir. 2001)
  • Illinois Tool Works v. Independent Ink, 547 U.S. 29 (2006). We will focus on the discussion of misuse.

Class 06: Incompatibility, FUD, DMCA, DRM

  • Fulbright Chair Speaker Series: Fred von Lohmann (2006)
  • The Chamberlain Group v. Skylink Technologies, 381 F.3d 1178 (Fed. Cir. 2004)
  • Storage Technology Corp. v. Custom Hardware Engineering & Consulting, Ltd., 2006 WL 1766434 (D.Mass.)
  • Tucker v. Apple, 2006 WL 4586090 (This is one badly written opinion. Its best feature is that it's short. The issues, however, are interesting.)
  • Transamerica Computer Company v. IBM, 481 F. Supp 965 (N.D. Cal. 1979)
  • United States v. Microsoft, 253 F.3d 34 (D.C.Cir. 2001)

Class 07: Interlude: Fundamental Policy Questions: Exclusivity or Competition?

Class 08: Licensing practices

  • IP2, Ch.4 and Ch.6
  • Geographical and field of use limitations
  • Resale price maintenance after Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. v. PSKS, 127 S.Ct. 2705 (2007). Also read: Unites States v. General Electric, Co., 47 U.S. 192 (1926). This is one of the hot topics at the moment.
  • Grantbacks
  • Non-assertion clauses
  • Reach through licenses

Class 09: Cross licenses and patent pools

Class 10: Standard setting

Class 11: Settlements of antitrust disputes

  • Schering Plough v. FTC, 402 F.3d. 1056 (11 Cir. 2005)
  • In re Tamoxifen Citrate Antitrust Litigation, 2006 WL 2401244 (2d Cir. 2006)
  • In re Terazosin Hydrocloride Antitrust Litigation, 352 F. Supp.2d 1279 (S.D. Fla. 2005)
  • In re Cardizem CD Antitrust Litigation, 332 F.3d 896 (6th Cir. 2003)

Class 12: Mergers and Misuse


Class 13: Recap